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Just like you take care of your daily nutrition intake and diet plans, your pet’s nutrition is also your responsibility. Pets also need vital nutrients, including proteins, carbohydrates, fats, minerals and vitamins, to live a healthy and happy life. 

There is a dire need to design a balanced diet for your cats and dogs, exactly according to their specific needs at different stages of life. A healthy pet nutrition diet ensures optimal growth and development, stronger immunity to fight common pet diseases, and healthy, beautiful skin. 

In this blog, we will discuss some essential nutrients your cats and dogs must consume. Furthermore, we will discuss the pet nutrition requirements at different stages of their lives. So, stay tuned to learn how to transform your weak pets into healthy ones!

Calorie needs:

Cats and dogs need a calorie count per day that varies according to their weight or size. It would help if you took care to give them the optimum amount of calories to avoid obesity or malnutrition in them. I hope the following examples will help you understand your pet’s calorie needs for optimum pet nutrition:

  • An 8-pound cat may eat about 200 calories a day.
  • A 50-pound dog may eat 700 to 900 calories.
  • Larger dogs need 1,350 calories or more.
  • Larger cats may eat 250 to 300 calories a day.

For a balanced pet nutrition diet, you must keep in mind to add the following nutrients to your pet’s bowl for their health and overall well-being.


Protein allows your pet’s body to function properly. Your pets get essential amino acids from protein that contribute to healthy skin and hair, cell growth, tissue repair, muscle development, general body maintenance, and much more.

Specifically, dogs love food that is rich in proteins. On the other hand, if we discuss cats, they are descended from a hunter family. So, cats are natural carnivores and always crave proteins. 

Pets essentially need the amino acids that are present in animal-based proteins, for example, Histidine, Phenylalanine, Arginine, Methionine, Isoleucine, Threonine, Leucine, Tryptophan, Lysine, Valine, and Taurine.

Taurine is a non-proteinogenic amino sulfonic acid, widely found only in animal-based proteins. It is a key for cats. It helps to enhance the vision, heart, and fertility of cats.

Fats and Energy

Dietary fats can play a vital role in your pet’s nutrition as a source of energy for your cats and dogs. You can get dietary fats from animal fats or plant seed oils. Fats contain twice the energy as compared to per gram of protein or carbohydrates.

Our pets cannot make essential fatty acids on their own, so their bodies are dependent on dietary fats for this purpose. Fatty acids like omega-3s are essential for your pets because of the following reasons:

  • Keep their fur or skin healthy and shining
  • Produce healthy hormones in them
  • Absorb vitamins to utilise later
  • Insulate the body
  • Help protect organs 

Note: Dietary fats also make your pet’s food tastier.


Carbohydrates are essential for a pet’s diet since they give energy and can improve overall health and digestive system functionality. Dogs can safely and effectively metabolise large amounts of carbohydrates, according to published research.

Energy-producing carbohydrates have an impact on reproduction. A kind of carbohydrate called fibre affects the bacteria in the intestines of your pet.

Fibre needs to be fermentable in order for your pet to benefit from it the most. Rice, wheat, and vegetables all contain fermentable fibre.

For growing dogs and cats, high-fiber diets are not recommended. Their diet should have more fat and protein because of their increased energy needs.

Vitamins and Minerals

You must ensure your cats and dogs consume vitamins and minerals via their diets. Your pets will lead a healthy, nutritious life if you add proper amounts of protein, fat, and carbohydrates to their daily meals. 

Pets do not necessarily need vitamin supplements until your vet prescribes them to treat their vitamin deficiency. Moreover, excessive amounts or more than the required amount of vitamins and minerals may cause severe health issues in pets. For example, excess vitamin A can cause joint pain and brittle bones. Too much consumption of vitamin D can lead to kidney diseases and cause overly dense bones.

Your pets will get essential minerals if they consume the following nutrients in their diet:

  • Chlorine
  • Magnesium
  • Sodium
  • Selenium
  • Iodine
  • Iron
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Potassium
  • Manganese
  • Copper
  • Zinc

Phosphorus and calcium are necessary for strong bones and teeth. Minerals such as magnesium, potassium, and sodium are essential for healthy muscles.


Water makes up between 60% and 70% of your pet’s body. Your pet may become ill or even die if they do not consume enough water in a day.

Your pet must always have access to clean, fresh water all the time. Pet food provides some, but not all, of the water they require.

Dogs and cats have different needs for water. Since dogs become more thirsty while they exercise, make sure they have access to water. Dogs may drink twice as much water on warm or hot days as they would on cold ones.


If your pet is overweight, you can tell right away. Is there a waist that can be seen from the side and, when looking up at your pets—a dip between their rib cage and thighs?

As an alternative, try this touch test: Run your hand along the ribs and backbone of your pet. Without pressing down, can you feel the bones? If not, your cat or dog might be a little overweight.

Exercise is a fantastic way to help in weight loss for your pet. Consult with your vet about a strategy to increase your pet’s physical activity. That could include more playtime for cats during the day. For dogs, it might entail longer walks during the day or running in the dog park.

Best Pet Nutrition for Different Stages of Life

What works for dogs may not be good for cats because the pet nutrition requirements of dogs and cats are entirely different.

Additionally, you’ll discover that pet food packaging contains lots of helpful information. The nutritional statement, which will state that the food is complete and balanced, can be found on the bag, box, or can. For pets at different stages of life, such as growth (for kittens and puppies), pregnancy and lactation, and adulthood, there are different nutritional guidelines.

Kittens and Puppies

When they are 7 to 8 weeks old, puppies and kittens typically continue to consume their mother’s milk. Around 3 or 4 weeks, you can start introducing small amounts of kitten or puppy food. Give your young animals specially formulated food right away because as they grow, cats and dogs require more calories and nutrients.

You can start feeding your cat or dog adult food when they are a year old. Some dog breeds that grow really big may continue to grow until they are 18 months old, so they should continue to eat puppy food.

Adult Cats and Dogs

Cats are carnivores and require diets that are rich in animal protein. Because they require animal-derived amino acids like taurine, arginine, methionine, and tyrosine, your cat shouldn’t switch to a vegetarian diet. The cat food you select for it should also contain fat, which gives off energy and contains vitamins A, D, and E.

Water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, and a few vitamins and minerals are essential for your dog’s health. Their size and level of activity will determine how much food they require. Ask your vet to advise you on how much to give and the best kind of food to use.

Animals who are expecting or have just given birth require high-calorie food. Since cats frequently lose weight while nursing their kittens, they must regain up to 50% of their pre-pregnancy weight before giving birth.

Elder Pets

As they age, your dog or cat may require a different pet nutrition. Pets can typically be categorised as “senior” when they are around seven years old. Large dogs age more quickly and might reach their golden years at age 6.

It would help if you visited the vet more frequently for a thorough examination of your senior pet. Ask for advice on food while you’re there. One of the many pets in the UK that need to lose weight could be your cat or dog. However, weight loss can also be a problem in older pets. Food for senior pets may be more easily digested, contain a variety of nutrients, and aid in weight management.

So, visit The Pet Care Centre today to get more insights about pet nutrition requirements, well-being, health concerns, and grooming.

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